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This single volume edition of J. R Tolkien's trilogy is illustrated with reproductions of 50 original Alan Lee paintings.
Selected essays on Tolkien's trilogy include W. Auden's essay on the hero's quest, C. Lewis's piece on the value of myth, Marion Zimmer Bradley's article on hero worship, Tim Shippey's piece on the film trilogy, and much more.
Bringing together leading scholars in the fields of media and film studies to explore the various strategies and implications underlying the global presence of 'Lord of the Rings', this book covers different national contexts and presents a lively and diverse combination of textual, historical and empirical study.
This absorbing insight into the mind behind Middle-earth will introduce or remind readers of the abundance that exists in Tolkien's thought and imagination.
Interweaving sections explore The Lord of the Rings and its history; the key themes, concepts and images in Tolkein's work; the people and places in his life, and his other writings.
At the heart of the book is an indispensible A-Z of middle-earth, with detailed entries on Beings, Places, Things and Events.
A behind-the-scenes view of the art and design of the film trilogy captures pivotal scenes and characters and features the work of Alan Lee, John Howe, and other artists and designers who offer their own take on the design process.
How did audiences across the world respond to the films of The Lord of the Rings? This book presents findings from the largest film audience project ever undertaken, drawing from 25, questionnaire responses and a wide array of other materials.
Contributors use these materials to explore a series of widely speculated questions: why is film fantasy important to different kinds of viewers?
Through marketing, previews and reviews, debates and cultural chatter, how are audiences prepared for a film like this? How did fans of the book respond to its adaptation on screen?
How do people choose their favorite characters? How was the films' reception shaped by different national and cultural contexts?
The answers to these questions shed fresh light on the extraordinary popularity of The Lord of the Rings and provide important new insights into the global reception of cinema in the twenty-first century.
Considered the most popular books of the 20th century, The Lord of the Rings trilogy is more than a great story. It's a much-needed reminder that Christians are all on an epic quest.
In examining the Christian themes in the trilogy, authors Kurt Bruner and Jim Ware find that truth and fiction are not as far apart as they seem.
When read in the light of Scripture, Tolkien's trilogy reveals a rich tapestry of redemption, values, and faith against all odds. Insightful reflection notes end each chapter.
A great book for personal study, devotional time, or group discussion! The first volume in J. After many ages it fell into the hands of Bilbo Baggins, as told in The Hobbit.
Ever since Peter Jackson first released his film adaptations of J. Tolkien s beloved books in , "The Lord of the Rings" trilogy has become a household name, as well as an utterly unavoidable example of fantasy cinema.
The trilogy is now arguably one of the most recognizable cinematic series in the world; Jackson s films have catapulted "The Lord of the Rings" narratives to the mainstream, and there are probably very few people who do not know what a hobbit or an orc is.
Winner of multiple awards including many Academy Awards The Lord of the Rings trilogy is a real popular-culture icon, beloved by zealous fans and lay-watchers alike.
That love often overspills into obsession, as the desire to relive the fantastic narratives of Middle-earth, and feel part of the rings, induces followers to extend the experience of the films into other areas of their everyday life.
From fan fiction to fan-made movies, weddings in Hobbiton, film location tours of New Zealand, and celebrity worshipping, the devoted fans of trilogy do it all.
Academically informed, but written for the generally reader, "Fan Phenomena: The Lord of the Rings" delves into the philosophy of the fans of the rings, and explores the multi-faceted nuances of the films fan community.
It also addresses the reach of "The Lord of the Rings" into the world of fandom and assesses its effects on viewers and their way of life. Including analysis of LOTR tours in New Zealand and fan-based tourism, character franchises and adaption processes, this lavishly illustrated collection is a must read.
Peter Jackson's film version of The Lord of the Rings is the grandest achievement of 21st century cinema so far.
But it is also linked to topical and social concerns including war, terrorism, and cultural imperialism. Its style, symbols, narrative, and structure seem always already linked to politics, cultural definition, problems of cinematic style, and the elemenal mythologies that most profoundly capture our imaginations.
From Hobbits to Hollywood: Essays on Peter Jackson's Lord of the Rings treats Jackson's trilogy as having two conditions of existence: an aesthetic and a political.
Like other cultural artefacts, it leads a double life asobjet d'art and public statement about the world, so that nothing in it is ever just cinematically beautiful or tasteful, and nothing is ever just a message or an opinion.
Written by leading scholars in the study of cinema and cultureFrom Hobbits to Hollywood gives Jackson's trilogy the fullest scholarly interrogation to date.
Ranging from interpretations ofThe Lord of the Rings' ideological and philosophical implications, through discussions of its changing fandoms and its incorporation into the Hollywood industry of stars, technology, genre, and merchandising, to considerations of CGI effects, acting, architecture and style, the essays contained here open a new vista of criticism and light, for ardent fans of J.
Tolkien, followers of Jackson, and all those who yearn for a deeper appreciation of cinema and its relation to culture.
Thompson understands the books, she understands the movies—she also understands the money and the franchising. Best of all, she understands the people.
Thompson offers cultural criticism of the highest order, examining one of the most significant shifts in contemporary popular media.
Thompson has managed to do what so many others have failed to do. It is an extremely interesting read! Nobody else has managed to get enough of an understanding to do that.
Identifies parallels between the storylines in the Lord of the Rings trilogy and the Bible, demonstrating how young adults can learn Biblical virtues through the examples of twelve characters in the popular series.
The city is besieged , and Denethor, deceived by Sauron, gives up hope and commits suicide, nearly taking his remaining son Faramir with him.
There Aragorn raises an undead army of oath-breakers bound by an ancient curse that said they could not rest until they had fulfilled their vow to the king of Gondor.
The ghostly army helps them to defeat the Corsairs of Umbar who are invading southern Gondor. Commandeering the ships of the Corsairs, Aragorn leads reinforcements up the Anduin to relieve the siege of Minas Tirith, and the forces of Gondor and Rohan defeat Sauron's army in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields.
His vastly outnumbered troops fight desperately against Sauron's forces. Reaching the edge of the Cracks of Doom , Frodo is unable to resist the Ring any longer, and suddenly and fiercely claims it for himself.
But Gollum suddenly reappears, struggles with Frodo and bites off his finger, Ring and all. Celebrating wildly, Gollum accidentally falls into the fire, taking the Ring with him; and so Frodo's mission is completed.
Saruman escapes from Isengard and, seeking to carve out a new kingdom, enslaves the Shire. The four hobbits, upon returning home, raise a rebellion and overthrow him.
The War of the Ring thus comes to its true end on Frodo's very doorstep. Merry and Pippin are acclaimed heroes, while Sam marries Rosie Cotton and uses his gifts from Galadriel to help heal the Shire.
Frodo, however, remains wounded in body and spirit after having borne the oppressive weight of the One Ring so long. Several years later, accompanied by Bilbo and Gandalf, he sails from the Grey Havens west over the Sea to the Undying Lands to find peace.
After Rosie's death, Sam gives his daughter the Red Book of Westmarch , containing the account of Bilbo's adventures and the War of the Ring as witnessed by the hobbits.
Sam is then said to have crossed west over the Sea himself, the last of the Ring-bearers. The Lord of the Rings started as a sequel to J.
The story would not be finished until 12 years later, in , and would not be fully published until , when Tolkien was 63 years old. Persuaded by his publishers, he started "a new Hobbit" in December The idea for the first chapter "A Long-Expected Party" arrived fully formed, although the reasons behind Bilbo's disappearance, the significance of the Ring, and the title The Lord of the Rings did not arrive until the spring of Writing was slow, because Tolkien had a full-time academic position, and needed to earn further money as a university examiner.
Tolkien made another concerted effort in , and showed the manuscript to his publishers in Tolkien Collection at Marquette University. The influence of the Welsh language , which Tolkien had learnt, is summarised in his essay English and Welsh : If I may once more refer to my work.
The Lord of the Rings, in evidence: the names of persons and places in this story were mainly composed on patterns deliberately modelled on those of Welsh closely similar but not identical.
This element in the tale has given perhaps more pleasure to more readers than anything else in it. Tolkien included neither any explicit religion nor cult in his work.
Rather the themes, moral philosophy, and cosmology of the Lord of the Rings reflect his Catholic worldview. In one of his letters Tolkien states, "The Lord of the Rings is of course a fundamentally religious and Catholic work; unconsciously so at first, but consciously in the revision.
That is why I have not put in, or have cut out, practically all references to anything like 'religion', to cults or practices, in the imaginary world.
For the religious element is absorbed into the story and the symbolism. Some locations and characters were inspired by Tolkien's childhood in Birmingham , where he first lived near Sarehole Mill , and later near Edgbaston Reservoir.
This shows in such names as "Underhill", and the description of Saruman's industrialisation of Isengard and The Shire. It has also been suggested that The Shire and its surroundings were based on the countryside around Stonyhurst College in Lancashire where Tolkien frequently stayed during the s.
A dispute with his publisher, Collins in After Milton Waldman, his contact at Collins, expressed the belief that The Lord of the Rings itself "urgently wanted cutting", Tolkien eventually demanded that they publish the book in This was due largely to post-war paper shortages, as well as being a way to keep down the price of the book.
The Return of the King was especially delayed. Tolkien, moreover, did not especially like the title The Return of the King , believing it gave away too much of the storyline.
He had originally suggested The War of the Ring , which was dismissed by his publishers. The books were published under a profit-sharing arrangement, whereby Tolkien would not receive an advance or royalties until the books had broken even, after which he would take a large share of the profits.
In the early s Donald A. Wollheim , science fiction editor of the paperback publisher Ace Books , claimed that The Lord of the Rings was not protected in the United States under American copyright law because Houghton Mifflin , the U.
Tolkien took issue with this and quickly notified his fans of this objection. By the mids the novel had become a cultural phenomenon.
Tolkien undertook various textual revisions to produce a version of the book that would be published with his consent and establish an unquestioned US copyright.
From to Christopher Tolkien published the surviving drafts of The Lord of The Rings , chronicling and illuminating with commentary the stages of the text's development, in volumes 6—9 of his History of Middle-earth series.
The novel has been translated, with various degrees of success, into at least 38 other languages. Because The Lord of the Rings purports to be a translation of the fictitious Red Book of Westmarch , with the English language representing the Westron of the "original", Tolkien suggested that translators attempt to capture the interplay between English and the invented nomenclature of the English work, and gave several examples along with general guidance.
While early reviews for The Lord of the Rings were mixed, reviews in various media have been, on the whole, highly positive and acknowledge Tolkien's literary achievement as a significant one.
On its initial review the Sunday Telegraph felt it was "among the greatest works of imaginative fiction of the twentieth century.
Auden , an admirer of Tolkien's writings, regarded The Lord of the Rings as a "masterpiece", further stating that in some cases it outdid the achievement of John Milton's Paradise Lost.
New York Times reviewer Judith Shulevitz criticized the "pedantry" of Tolkien's literary style, saying that he "formulated a high-minded belief in the importance of his mission as a literary preservationist, which turns out to be death to literature itself.
Both the characters and the work itself are, according to Jenkyns, "anemic, and lacking in fibre. Hugo Dyson complained loudly at its readings.
Lewis , had very different feelings, writing, "here are beauties which pierce like swords or burn like cold iron.
Here is a book which will break your heart. Despite its numerous detractors, the publication of the Ace Books and Ballantine paperbacks helped The Lord of the Rings become immensely popular in the United States in the s.
The book has remained so ever since, ranking as one of the most popular works of fiction of the twentieth century, judged by both sales and reader surveys.
In a poll of Amazon. Although The Lord of the Rings was published in the s, Tolkien insisted that the One Ring was not an allegory for the Atomic Bomb ,  nor were his works a strict allegory of any kind, but were open to interpretation as the reader saw fit.
A few critics have found what they consider to be racial elements in the story, generally based upon their views of how Tolkien's imagery depicts good and evil, characters' race e.
Critics have also seen social class rather than race as being the determinant factor for the portrayal of good and evil.
The book has been read as fitting the model of Joseph Campbell 's " monomyth ". The book has been adapted for radio four times. In the s radio station WBAI produced a short radio adaptation.
For this purpose it is generally edited into 13 one hour episodes. Two film adaptations of the book have been made. The first was J. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , by animator Ralph Bakshi ,  the first part of what was originally intended to be a two-part adaptation of the story; it covers The Fellowship of the Ring and part of The Two Towers.
A three-issue comic book version of the movie was also published in Europe but not printed in English , with illustrations by Luis Bermejo.
When Bakshi's investors shied away of financing the second film that would complete the story, the remainder of the story was covered in an animated television special by Rankin-Bass.
Stylistically, the two segments are very different. All three parts won multiple Academy Awards , including consecutive Best Picture nominations.
The final instalment of this trilogy was the second film to break the one-billion-dollar barrier and won a total of 11 Oscars something only two other films in history, Ben-Hur and Titanic , have accomplished , including Best Picture , Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay.
The Hunt for Gollum , a fan film based on elements of the appendices to The Lord of the Rings , was released on the internet in May and has been covered in major media.
The enormous popularity of Tolkien's epic saga greatly expanded the demand for fantasy fiction. Largely thanks to The Lord of the Rings, the genre flowered throughout the s, and enjoys popularity to the present day.
The opus has spawned many imitators, such as The Sword of Shannara , which Lin Carter called "the single most cold-blooded, complete rip-off of another book that I have ever read".
However, Gary Gygax , lead designer of the game, maintained that he was influenced very little by The Lord of the Rings , stating that he included these elements as a marketing move to draw on the popularity the work enjoyed at the time he was developing the game.
Research also suggests that some consumers of fantasy games derive their motivation from trying to create an epic fantasy narrative which is influenced by The Lord of the Rings.
In the symphony was awarded the Sudler Composition Award , awarded biennially for best wind band composition. The Danish Tolkien Ensemble have released a number of albums that feature the complete poems and songs of The Lord of the Rings set to music, with some featuring recitation by Christopher Lee.
Rock bands of the s were musically and lyrically inspired by the fantasy embracing counter-culture of the time; British 70s rock band Led Zeppelin recorded several songs that contain explicit references to The Lord of the Rings " Ramble On ", " The Battle of Evermore ", " Over the Hills and Far Away ", and " Misty Mountain Hop ".
In , the Swedish musician Bo Hansson released an instrumental concept album based on the book titled Sagan om ringen translated as "The Saga of the Ring", which was the title of the Swedish translation of The Lord of the Rings at the time.
Styx also paid homage to Tolkien on their "Pieces of Eight" album with the song "Lords of the Ring," while Black Sabbath 's song, "The Wizard", which appeared on their debut album , was influenced by Tolkien's hero, Gandalf.
The heavy metal band Cirith Ungol took their name from a mountain pass in Middle-earth. Later, from the s to the present day, many heavy metal acts have been influenced by Tolkien.
The Finnish metal band Nightwish and the Norwegian metal band Tristania have also incorporated many Tolkien references into their music.
A Swedish metal band, Sabaton , based their song "Shadows" on the nine ring wraiths. The Lord of the Rings has had a profound and wide-ranging impact on popular culture , beginning with its publication in the s, but especially throughout the s and s, during which time young people embraced it as a countercultural saga.
Since then all "authorized" merchandise has been signed-off by Tolkien Enterprises, although the intellectual property rights of the specific likenesses of characters and other imagery from various adaptations is generally held by the adaptors.
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The Lord of the Rings. The Lord of the Rings The original cover designs for each volume as illustrated by Tolkien. They were later used for the 50th anniversary edition covers.
The file above is being considered for. See to help reach a consensus on what to do. High fantasy Adventure.
Perrott's Folly is nearby. The Tolkien Society. Retrieved 5 February Retrieved 4 December Tolkien: A Biographical Sketch".
Retrieved 16 June Oxford University Press. The New York Times. Retrieved 3 April Retrieved In a later letter The Letters of J.
Tolkien , , he writes that they were "evidently relatives". Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 14 June The Letters of J.
Tolkien , Houghton Mifflin. ISBN , Letter no. The Road to Middle-earth, 3rd ed. ISBN Retrieved 4 January Retrieved 29 October Retrieved 28 October Tolkien" in Ukrainian.
Retrieved 6 November Robert Reilly. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Inspired by an Ancient Epic" Lord of the Rings ".
Retrieved 4 October Tolkien Author of the Century , HarperCollins. Travel Lady Magazine.